[Mainland] The Virtuous Queen of Han (Zhejiang Huace Film & TV)

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Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, named Liu Che, who lived from 157BC to 87BC, was the fifth emperor in the Han Dynasty. He was enthroned at 16 years old and ruled 54 years. Emperor Wu was one of 
the talented and ambitious emperors in the Chinese history, 
and Han Dynasty became the most powerful nation at that time in the world under his reign.

During the times of Emperor Wu, in politics he adopted people-conciliation policy, perfect administration and 
supervision system to strengthen the centralization of authority; in economy he rectified finance, centralized the right of iron, salt and coin under the central government, collected asset tax of businessmen; in military affairs he defeated Huns' central plains aggression to establish basic domain of Chinese Empire; in culture he put forward "Paying Supreme Tribute to Confucianism while Banning All Other Schools of Thought" to consolidate the mainstream status of Confucianism; for the foreign relations, he sent Zhang Qian to the Western Regions, thereby developing the Silk Road and enhancing the communications with the west regions; in addition, he also attached great importance to talents development and established examine system which was the beginning of Chinese systemic selecting talents system.

For Emperor Wu's great talent and bold vision, The Strategies of Administration and Military set a good example for the later hundreds of emperors; during Emperor Wu’s time, "unification" not only initiated history river of Han people forming and all nationalities unification, but also unfolded the prosperous chapter of Chinese people. Chinese famous historian Jian Bozan once appraised appropriately, "His outstanding achievements and doings also penetrate deeply into our nation's history and tradition"Emperor Wu was buried at Mao Mausoleum which lies in the 40km northwest of Xi'an and is the Key Cultural Relic under the State-level Protection. Mao Mausoleum built grandly and filled with great and luxurious buried treasures. There are many tombs around Mao Mausoleum, including Lady Li, Wei Qing, Huo Qubing, Huo Guang, Jin Richan, etc. Mao Mausoleum ranks the top among Han Emperors’ mausoleums in terms of scale, building time and the buried treasures, so it is called "The Pyramid of China"

... 
Wei Zifu
(Traditional Chinese: 衛子夫; Simplified Chinese: 卫子夫; pinyin: Weì Zǐfū) (died 91 BC), posthumously known as Empress Si of Wu (孝武思皇后) or Wei Si Hou (衛思后, "Wei the Thoughtful Empress"), was an empress during ancient China's Han Dynasty. She was the second wife of the famous Emperor Wu 
and his spouse of 49 years, and stayed as his empress for 38 years,
the second longest in Chinese history (behind only the 42-year reign of Empress Wang, 
the wife of Ming Dynasty's Wanli Emperor, who came over 1,600 years later). 
She was the mother of Emperor Wu's heir apparent, Crown Prince Liu Ju, as well as the older half-sister of the famed general Wei Qing, the younger aunt of Huo Qubing, the step-aunt of Han statesman Huo Guang and the great grandmother of Liu Bingyi.

Family background and early years

Wei Zifu was born from humble means, out of a serf family. 
She was the fourth child and the youngest daughter of a lowly maid/servant at the household of Princess Pingyang (平陽公主), Emperor Wu's older sister. Her father presumably died around the time of her birth, as there were little historic records of most of her family members. Her younger half-brother Wei Qing, born not long after her, was an illegitimate child from an extramarital affair by his mother with a low-level official serving the Princess's household. When Wei Zifu was still young,
she was recruited as a singer at the princess' estate, where she was also trained in dancing and the Four Arts.[1]

The Four Arts(四藝, siyi), or the Four Arts of the Chinese Scholar, were the four main accomplishments required of the Chinese scholar gentleman. They are qin (the guqin, a stringed instrument. 琴), qi (the strategy game of Go, 棋), shu ( Chinese calligraphy 書) and hua (Chinese painting 畫).
 
Credit: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_Arts
 
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